On January 30, 1948, exactly 69 years ago today, the renowned India political and spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was assassinated in New Delhi by a Hindu fanatic.
Gandhi was born in 1869 to an Indian official as father and a Vaishnava mother who was deeply religious and who exposed the young Gandhi to Jainism, a morally rigorous Indian religion that advocated nonviolence.
A very brilliant student, Gandhi studied law in England, starting in 1888. Upon graduation, Gandhi returned to India in 1891, however, he was unable to find a regular legal work, hence he accepted a one-year contract to work in South Africa in 1893.
In South Africa, Gandhi experienced racism and a particular experience in which he was thrown off a train made him resolve to fight for his right as an Indian and also as an individual.