Today in World History (September 27th)

On September 27, 1944, exactly 73 years ago today, thousands of British troops were killed as German forces rebuff their massive effort to capture the Arnhem Bridge across the Rhine River in Holland.

The Battle of Arnhem was a major battle of the Second World War fought in and around the Dutch towns of Arnhem, Oosterbeek, Wolfheze, Driel and the surrounding countryside from 17–26 September 1944.

According to war records, after sweeping through France and Belgium in the summer of 1944, after the Battle of Normandy, the Allies were poised to enter the Netherlands.

Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery, commanding the Anglo-Canadian 21st Army Group, favored a single thrust north over the branches of the Lower Rhine River, allowing the British Second Army to bypass the Siegfried Line and attack the Ruhr.

The British XXX Corps had expected a walkover of the opposing forces and calculated on reaching British airborne forces in two or three days.

Wrongly informed, the British were told to expect only limited resistance from German reserve forces. However, they were outnumbers in a few days leading to thousands of the British men killed in what remained one of the bloodiest battles of the World War II.